Standing & Wondering Why?
Allegation & Aftermath

Please refer to the free online eBook:    
Standing InThe Shadow of the Law
By Marilyn Harrison

(available for download)

Some of the valuable information and topics covered in this free eBook by Group Moderator Marilyn Harrison are:

A.              Can they file criminal charges on me too?

B.              Why I am not told the truth about allegations?

C.              What is a C.A.P?

D.              What kind of attorney do I need?

Administrative Law

1.           Criminal Law (Child Abuse is a Criminal Offense)


E.              Constitutional Amendments violations by CPS

F.               Bill of Rights violations by the system

G.              The importance of using your Right to Remain Silent

H.              Miranda Warning explained

I.                  The truth about questioning & interrogations

Group Information

CAPs and PIPs are the same thing.  Executions of Federal Acts in the States are in function the same, but called different things in different States.   C.A.P (Corrective Action Plan)  P.I.P  (Program Improvement Plan)

The following is an example of PIP in KY:

Program Improvement Plan (PIP) for KY:  In the 2005-2009 Child and Family Services Plan, activities

and focus under the basic State grant under CAPTA include:


(1) continued capacity building to support Kentucky's PIP

(2) continued development and enhancements to Citizen Review Panels

(3) continued support, technical assistance, and training to Service Regions and community partners

(4) establishment of status offender advisory group; and

(5) revisions to the case-planning tool. These areas of activity and focus are presented in more detail below,

to include services and training to be offered under each.

1) Continued Capacity Building to Support Kentucky's PIP-

Successful implementation of the PIP addresses the following purposes under CAPTA, 42 U.S.C. 5106a: 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 10 and 14. For purpose
1, the PIP S1.1.1, S1.1.2, S1.2.1-2, S1.2.3, S1.2.5-6, S1.3.1-4 address intake, assessment, screening, and investigations of reports. Items S1.3.1-5 and WB1.17.1 of the PIP address Purpose 3, case management. S1.2.2 of the PIP addresses Purpose 4, regarding risk and safety ssessment tools and protocols. S1.1.3, S1.2.1, S1.2.3, S1.3.1, and S.1.3.5 of the PIP address Purpose 6, regarding training. S.1.2.4, S1.3.5, and WB1.17.6 of the PIP address Purpose 7, regarding enhancements to staff and recruitment/ retention of case workers. S1.3.3 and WB1.17.3 of the PIP ddress Purpose 10, regarding services and assistance for families with disabled infants. Items S1.3.2, S1.2.5, WB1.17.3, and SF5.35.4 of the PIP address Purpose 14, regarding collaboration.

The reporting of these actions steps will be included in the PIP quarterly reports and provided in brief overview in the Child and Family Services Annual Progress and Services Report (APSR) or upon request from the Administration for Children and Families.

2) Continued Development and Enhancements to the Citizen Review Panels

Development of sixteen Citizen Review Panels, as planned in the CFSP for 2000-4, was curtailed due to budgetary constraints facing
Kentucky. While Kentucky supercedes the Federal requirement for the number of established panels, there are areas of the State with under-
representation and no panel representing a more statewide, administrative perspective. Primary funding for the following initiatives will be through CAPTA:

• Develop a fifth panel to serve the south-eastern area of Kentucky (Purposes 2A, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 12, 14);
• Organize a statewide administrative panel with representative from all other panels to collaborate on projects with the Cabinet for

Health and Family Services (Cabinet) (Purposes: 2A, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, 12, 14);
• Fund a program coordinator position to work with the panels and serve as a liaison with the Cabinet (Purposes 2A, 14);
• Develop and implement statewide bylaws for the panels (Purposes 2A, 14);
• Set goals for each panel based upon child and family-centered outcomes that are congruent with the Cabinet's PIP and CFSP

(Purposes 2A, 3, 4, 6, 7,11, 12, 14);
• Revise the Memorandum of Understanding between the panels and the Cabinet to reflect the Cabinet's new structure and clarify roles

 and responsibilities (Purposes 2A, 14);
• Ensure open communication between the Cabinet and the panels, i.e., develop newsletter or web-site (Purposes 2A, 11, 14); and
• Develop projects or workgroups within each panel around the issue of worker recruitment, retention, self-care, and enhancement of

qualifications (Purposes 6, 7).


Group Comments: 

vicKy I would like to go on record to say Hearing officer in Ky Jenny V Jones seems to be a very good hearing officer to have. Gave good advice without giving advice if you know what I mean! thanks Ky

Yes, the Corrective Action Plan that the bios must sign too when their kids are removed...
They never cease to make me just go off with these things! We were never presented with one, but then, they never intended for us
to get the kids back -- this simply was not an option...
I would insist that it is not necessary? Correction of ~what?~ Maybe the attorney can head this one off at the pass -- write a letter, ahead-of-time, that there is no correction to take place as there was never anything to correct, so a CAP will not be necessary & will not be signed. Then, in same letter ask what stipulations would it entail in getting the kids back? Idea being, as far as you know *right now* through their indications -- you will get them back. So, what is different between *right now* and the time a CAP may be presented?
 I tell you! It is CPS here who needs the CAP and they should be the ones to take corrective actions, including lie detector tests,
psych-evals and anger management courses! And, they should sign THAT and put it into their files! Maybe you should draw up your own
CAP to sign in return for signing theirs! How about it include "no more false allegations of child abuse."
Sorry. I just got up on the box.   Love, e


What exactly are you being falsely accused of?


The following are publications compiled from the catalog in Child Welfare Information Gateway:


What is Child Abuse and Neglect?

Series Title:



Child Welfare Information Gateway


View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 228 KB)

Availability in Spanish:

View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 225 KB)

Year Published:

2006 - 4 pages


This fact sheet explains how child maltreatment is defined in federal and state laws. Distinctions between the federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and state civil and criminal statutes are highlighted. Operational definitions of physical abuse, child neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse also are included.


Recognizing Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms

Series Title:



Child Welfare Information Gateway


View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 227 KB)

Availability in Spanish:

View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 132 KB)
Order Publication (Free - Add to Cart)

Year Published:

2006 - 4 pages


The first step in helping abused or neglected children is learning to recognize the signs of child abuse and neglect. This fact sheet lists general signs that may signal the presence of child abuse. It also includes signs associated with specific types of abuse such as physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment.


Abuse of Children With Disabilities
Today, 8(2), 2001
View Abstract
Explores surveys and studies about abused children with disabilities, perpetrators, and the effects of abuse and maltreatment.


Child Abuse in America: Prevalence, Costs, Consequences and Intervention
van der Kolk, Crozier, & Hopper (2001)
In The Cost of Child Maltreatment: Who Pays? We All Do
View Abstract
Summarizes findings from research about the incidence of child maltreatment, types of abuse, characteristics of victims and perpetrators, and the impact of abuse on children's health and behavior.

Child Abuse and Neglect: Perpetrators
Child Welfare League of America (2003)
Data describing the relationship of perpetrators to victims.


Comparing Different Types of Child Abuse and Spouse Abuse Offenders
Pittman & Lee
Violence and Victims, 19(2), 2004
View Abstract
Examined differences in background characteristics, personal and interpersonal problems, and family climate among three types of child abuse offenders to determine the necessity of distinguishing types.


Identifying Child Molesters: Preventing Child Sexual Abuse by Recognizing the Patterns of the Offenders
Van Dam (2000)
View Abstract
Includes typical characteristics of sex offenders.


Male Perpetrators of Child Maltreatment: Findings from NCANDS

Series Title:

Secondary Analysis On Child Abuse and Neglect Topics of Current Policy Interest ; no. 1


United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation., Walter R. McDonald and Associates.
Shusterman, Fluke, Yuan


View Publication
Printable Version (PDF - 368 KB)
Order Publication (Free - Add to Cart)

Year Published:

2005 - 39 pages

Using case-level data from the National Child Abuse and Neglect System (NCANDS) for 2002, analyses of the characteristics of male perpetrators of maltreatment were conducted. The study utilized an 18-State data set of 192,392 perpetrators identified by the child protective services system during 2002. The relationship of the perpetrators to the child victims, as well as whether the perpetrator acted alone or with another person, was considered along with demographic characteristics of both perpetrators and victims, and circumstances of the maltreatment. Research questions were: 1) What are the characteristics of male perpetrators of child maltreatment? 2) What specific patterns of ...

Psychosocial Factors Associated With Types of Child Maltreatment
Child Welfare, 83(1), 2004
View Abstract
Examines whether a relationship exists between certain parent or caregiver psychosocial factors or clusters of factors and the type of maltreatment.


The Relative Importance of Wife Abuse as a Risk Factor for Violence Against Children
Child Abuse and Neglect, 24(11), 2000
View Abstract
Study investigating the relative importance of wife abuse as a risk factor for physical punishment and verbal child abuse.


Who Are the Perpetrators and Why Do They Do It?
Davies & Garwood
Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 5(1), 2001
View Abstract
Discusses the social situational model of child abuse and how it can be used to conceptualize individual and environmental factors that place caregivers at risk for shaking a child.

Promoting Healthy Families in Your Community : 2007 Resource Packet


Child Welfare Information Gateway, Children's Bureau, FRIENDS National Resource Center For Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention


Order Publication (Free - Add to Cart)

Year Published:

2007 - 66 pages


This information packet was written to support child maltreatment prevention efforts by describing strategies and activities that promote protective factors. It is written for service providers, to encourage and support them as they engage and partner with parents to protect, nurture, and promote the healthy development of children. The packet includes suggestions for enhancing each of the five protective factors in families; tip sheets in English and Spanish for providers to use when working with parents and caregivers on specific parenting challenges; strategies for sharing the message about child abuse prevention in communities; and information about child abuse and neglect, ...


Watch Out.  They’ll just go at you again!


Reducing Re-referral in Unsubstantiated Child Protective Services Cases: Research To Practice

Series Title:

Grantee Lessons Learned


Children's Bureau (DHHS)


View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 208 KB)
Order Publication (Free - Add to Cart)

Year Published:

2003 - 7 pages


This paper identifies strategies to reduce re-referrals in unsubstantiated child protective services (CPS) cases. Based on the findings of three Children's Bureau funded research grants on unsubstantiated CPS cases, it summarizes the studies' key findings regarding factors influencing CPS decision-making and implications for practice including suggestions for assessing risk more effectively and creative ways to provide services to at-risk families in unsubstantiated cases.


Substitute Care Providers: Helping Abused and Neglected Children


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 251 KB)

Year Published:

1994 - 82 pages


This manual for child welfare personnel provides them with information on serving abused and neglected children who are in family foster care or who are adopted. Section 1 presents background information on substitute care and permanency planning. Section 2 identifies the basic needs of all children and the special needs of both children in substitute care and maltreated children. Section 3 describes the systems, networks, and teams with which people who help maltreated children interact, including the service network and the substitute care team. Section 4 offers guidelines for meeting the needs of maltreated children, focusing on understanding the assessment ...

Here’s Another One for the Caseworker’s Supervisor


Supervising Child Protective Services Caseworkers


Office on Child Abuse and Neglect., Caliber Associates.


View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 4,010 KB)
Order Publication (Free - Add to Cart)
Order CD (Free - Add to Cart)

Year Published:

2004 - 110 pages


This manual provides the foundation for effective supervisory practice in child protective services (CPS). It describes the roles and responsibilities of the CPS supervisor, and it provides practice oriented advice on how to carry out supervisory responsibilities effectively. Best practices and critical issues in supervisory practice are underscored throughout. Topics include: The nature of CPS supervision; Making the transition from caseworker to supervisor; Building the foundation for effective unit performance; Building staff capacity and achieving excellence in performance; Supervisory feedback and performance recognition; Results-oriented management; Clinical supervision; Recruitment and retention; Managing from the middle; and Taking care of oneself and ...

Child Abuse and Neglect

Series Title:

General Information Packets


Child Welfare Information Gateway


View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 1,200 KB)

Availability in Spanish:

View Publication
Download Publication (PDF - 3,000 KB)

Year Published:

2006 - 31 pages


This information packet includes fact sheets about child maltreatment and the services available from the Child Welfare Information Gateway. The fact sheets review the definitions of maltreatment, child abuse and neglect prevention, and provide statistical information about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect and the characteristics of victims and offenders. Directories of federal clearinghouses, hotlines, state agencies, and other organizations that disseminate information about family and domestsic violence and substance abuse are also inserted.

The following is information provided by our American government through

 “Children’s Bureau” regarding Adoption.

The hierarchy for this information is:

Children's Bureau

Administration for Children & Families (ACF)

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS)


Child Abuse & Neglect

Resources about child maltreatment, including definitions, signs and symptoms, statistics and prevalence, types of child abuse and neglect, risk and protective factors, the impact on individuals and society, and child fatalities.


Links to related organizations and state hotlines and answers to frequently asked questions.


Defining child abuse & neglect
Definitions from Federal and State laws, and resources that distinguish between discipline and abuse.


Identifying child abuse & neglect
Information and training resources on recognizing signs and symptoms.


National and State statistics on child maltreatment, prevalence of different types of child abuse and neglect, abuse and neglect in out-of-home care, and recurrence.


Characteristics of perpetrators, including those who commit certain types of abuse, such as juvenile sex offenders.


Definitions and signs of different maltreatment types and research on child neglect, sexual abuse, physical abuse, and emotional abuse.


Risk & protective factors
Characteristics of parents or caretakers, families, children, and communities that increase risk or promote safe and supportive families and resilience in children.


How child abuse and neglect affect children, adolescents, adult survivors, and society, including its impact on child development.


Child fatalities
Perpetrator characteristics and risk factors.

For help with reporting child abuse and neglect or to speak with a counselor, contact Childhelp® at 800.422.4453.


The following is from the above under “Perpetrators”


Characteristics of Perpetrators

Most States define perpetrators of child abuse and neglect as parents and other caretakers (such as relatives, babysitters, and foster parents) who have harmed a child in their care. It is important to note that States define the term "caretaker" differently. Harm caused to a child by others (such as acquaintances or strangers) may not be considered child abuse but rather may be considered a criminal matter.

The following resources provide information on the characteristics of perpetrators of child abuse and neglect.

Children's Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2007)
In Child Maltreatment 2005
Data on the characteristics of perpetrators, their relationship to their child victims, and the types of maltreatment they commit.

Presenedt by:

Copyright © 2002

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