Return to eBook Index
to Legal Page
Permanent Home for Every Child
DEVELOPED WITH SUPPORT
FROM THE EDNA MCCONNELL CLARK FOUNDATION
>>In 1980, Congress
passed the Adoption
Assistance and Child Welfare Act.The
Adoption Assistance Act requires, in part, that states receiving
federal monies under the Act>> make “reasonable efforts” to prevent the removal of
their homes and,
whenever possible, to reunify children placed in foster care with
WHAT HAPPENED?? Start with the Introduction to learn More
HTML Page Index
Introduction~ Lawyer Guidlines ~ Judges
~ AGENCY Guidelines ~ Resource Organizations ~ Internet
List ~ Related
Survey Summary Relating to Reasonable Efforts
If you want to PRINT this report, Download PDF File. (Adobe PDF format Size- 917K)
Photography: Marlene Desautels and Ralph Granich
Design: i4 Design/ Sausalito, CA
Copyright © 2000 Youth Law Center
All rights reserved.
of 2010 has a lot to do with this: Learn more about CAPTA
It can not be denied that
1)True child abuse exists;
2) nor can it be denied that a child needs a permanent home.
However, has the government taken steps to assist parents
and children to provide
direction to show parents how to be
successful in raising their family.
Or has the government taken advantage of this
Program for their own personal gain?
Parent Survey Summary
data from HI)>>>>
Currently the National Family Advocacy
Survey Project© in Cooperation with State Survey teams have developed a
"Parent Survey" for All States when one is confronted with the Child
Protective AGENCY. We fully realize that it is extremely difficult to share
your experiences. The primary purpose is to determine the COMMUNICATIONS
between one allegedly accused and those that are deemed
Experts in their field. Any personal information given is Confidential, and
will not be shared Publically without the written
consent of the Responders to the Survey. Also, in development is the Relative/Kinship Care Survey. Learn More about the Survey
We are a free association of people that work in a like manner way.
All donations towards the operation of this website and our projects are given of freewill.
All material on this website is protected by Copyright © 2014. However, may be used
if a link is given to the "Original Source" and text NOT modified.
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for further information. We have
no association with any non-profits and do not claim to be one in any way.
Efforts: A Judicial Perspective
Timing of Termination of Parental Rights: A Balancing
Act for Children's Best Interest- "The purpose of
this research brief is to describe the perspectives and experiences of
judges in making decisions around termination of parental rights and,
in particular, the challenges faced when making TPR decisions. The
findings can inform child welfare officials and state
and federal policymakers on current judicial practices related to TPR and
adoption. " (Download
Efforts: A Manual for
Judges, American Bar Association, Washington, D.C.: Author, 1989.
- ABA’s National Resource Center for
Legal and Court Issues, Reasonable
Efforts: A Report
on Implementation by Social Service Agencies in Five
States, Washington, D.C.: American Bar Association, 1989
- ABA’s National Resource Center for
Legal and Court Issues and the
National Child Welfare Resource Center for
Reasonable Efforts Advisory Meeting
Report, Washington, D.C.: American Bar
Association Center on Children and the Law, 1995.
- Can Courts and Welfare Agencies Save the
Examination of Permanency Planning, Family Preservation, and
the Reasonable Efforts Requirement, Jessica A. Graf, Suffolk U. L.
Rev., Vol. 30,
p. 81, 1999.
- Reasonable Efforts to Prevent
Foster Placement: A Guide to Implementation, Mark Hardin, Debra Ratterman, and
Diane Dodson, Washington, D.C.: American Bar
- Active & Reasonable Efforts to Preserve Families: A Guide for
Delivering Services in Compliance with the
Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (PL 95-608 & the Adoption Assistance & Child
of 1980 (PL 92-272), Robert J. Hunner, Charlotte Booth, Charlotte Goodluck, Mary
Chase, Benjamin Eide, Jill
Jasper, Myra Munson, and Carol
Overbeck, Seattle, WA:
Northwest Resource Associates, 1994.
Reason Back into
the Reasonable Efforts Requirement
in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases, Cristine H.Kim,
U. Ill. L. Rev. p. 287, 1999.
Efforts to Permanency Planning Through Adoption and Reunificiation Endeavors. Executive Summary (1996) Final Report (1996). Iowa: Author. National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, Reasonable Efforts Training Video Notebook.
National Resource Center for Family Centered Practice, Repare: (Available on three week loan
or purchase from
- National Council of
Juvenile and Family Court Judges Permanency Planning for
Children Project, Protocol for Making Reasonable
Efforts to Preserve Families in Drug-Related Dependency Cases, Reno, NV:
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, January 1992.
- Model Questions for Defining
Reasonable Efforts, Alice C. Shotton, San Francisco: Youth Law
- Keeping Families Together/Reasonable Efforts, Patricia Tate Stewart,
SUM Del. Law. Vol. 12,
p. 9, 1994.
are a free association of people that work in a like manner way.
All donations towards the operation of the related website pages and our
projects are given of freewill.
All material on this website is protected by Copyright ©
2014, 2015. Use without permission is prohibited.
Please contact email@example.com for further
information or use our contact form.
We have no association with any non-profits and do not claim to be one in any
Home | Law, Lawyers & Judges | Legislative Efforts
| What You Can Do | Facts | State Chapters | Canadian Chapters | Resources | When An Allegation Is Made | Our Support Group | Site Index | State Statute Summaries
Copyright © 2002-2015
Return to eBook Index
Return to Legal Page